Over the last 40 years the world has testified to what can be described as a revolution in the field of information technology which has become one of the most important sectors if not the most important in the world today. This revolution in the field of information technology has highly influenced the protection of patents by simplifying the access and usage of protected work. As a result of this free roaming of knowledge through the world, the infringement of patented material has increased greatly. Consequently, inventors became more eager to register their inventions, which has resulted in the creation of problems for the patent offices around the world due to the large number of applications submitted seeking the registration of the inventions. Due to this increase in patent applications, national patent offices were unable to examine all these application which caused great delays in the granting of patents by which the economic benefits and returns the inventor is expecting from exploiting his patented invention have faded. Accordingly, efforts have been raised to facilitate the route to protecting patents internationally and to protect the patent system from collapsing by establishing the Patent Cooperation Treaty (“the PCT”).
The main objective of this research paper is to outline the role of the PCT system in the Arab countries. Specifically, Egypt and Jordan, by making a comparative study between the case of Egypt who is a member state of the PCT and the case of Jordan who is still in the negotiation process to become a member state of the PCT. Suggestions and an action plan shall also be presented to Jordan based upon the Egyptian experience.